All Through the Night (1941) and Propaganda in American Films during WWII

10 Jun

1941 – Starring Humphrey Bogart, Conrad Veidt, Kaaren Verne, Peter Lorre – Directed by Vincent Sherman

Poster%20-%20All%20Through%20the%20Night_16[1]All Through The Night really has it all: gangsters, Nazi spies, romance, comedy, murder, kidnapping, a car chase, a fight in a lift, a nightclub song, cheesecake.

And it has the most marvelous cast crisscrossing in and out of Humphrey Bogart’s path as he detects his way through the film. The movie is actually sandwiched between his breakthrough role in The Maltese Falcon (1941) and his ever iconic role in Casablanca (1942), but this one is just plain fun.

Here, he is Gloves Donahue (his real name is Alfred, but he doesn’t like to spread that about) and he is a sports promoter (slightly on the shady side of things, though he does pay his taxes) who likes cheesecake. The man who makes his cheesecake is murdered, however, and his mother has a feeling that the girl who stopped by and wanted to speak with the baker knows something and when Gloves’ mother has a feeling then Gloves and all his men must get involved.

William demarest, Bogart, Peter Lorre

William Demarest, Bogart, Peter Lorre

Gloves manages to track down the woman who works at a nightclub of one of his rivals, where she sings. She seems nervous and her pianist, Pepi (Peter Lorre), is the same man who shot the baker and is noticeably keeping an eye on her. When the bouncer of the club goes back to tell her off for talking with Gloves, he is murdered by Pepi and everyone thinks Gloves did it. He goes on the run, trying to find the woman, who is the only person who can clear his name, and also is trying to unravel what’s going on. He takes William Demarest with him (being his usual cranky, grumbling self) and Frank McHugh, who just got married that night and just wants to go home to his bride.

I was very impressed: the title actually makes sense. The whole tale really happens “all through the night.” On his quest, he runs into Conrad Veidt (think Major Strasser from Casablanca), Judith Anderson (Mrs. Danvers in Rebecca, looking just as dangerous here) and figures out that there’s the most impressively organized fifth columnist Nazi spy ring in New York I’ve ever seen.

It’s actually a very fun movie, although the ending disintegrates into slight silliness and a few ‘we-need-to-wake-up-and-fight-the-Nazis” speeches, which – I’m all for fighting Nazis – is rather awkwardly inserted into the film. The film had such a delightful pace until it slowed down a little near the end.

Conrad Veidt, Kaaren Verne, Bogart

Conrad Veidt, Kaaren Verne, Bogart

As a result, the film ends up a little longer than it needs to be with moments like the one where there is a call to arms: gangsters of the country, unite and fight the Nazis! Even gangsters must do their part during the war.

There is one very funny moment near the end when Gloves and his sidekick, played by William Demarest, find themselves sitting in on a Nazi meeting where an act of sabotage is being planned and they are called upon to explain their part in the plan. They are reduced to fake German and some highly imaginative pseudo-science terms to bluff their way through, while the Nazis listening have to keep rising and saying “heil.”

Of course, if you think about it, the sabotage plan is not very bright. The movie was made before America entered the war, although it was released just afterwards, so any attack on America would have been a premature declaration of war, which doesn’t exactly make sense since you would think the last thing Hitler would want is to incite America to enter the war.

The movie was specifically made as a kind of comedic propaganda to awaken Americans to the dangers of the Nazis; the idea that the Nazis were a threat at home and not just in Europe, though the article on TCM’s site points out that as America entered the war, the less likely they were to make fun of Nazis and the more aware they were of the evil of Nazism.

Annex%20-%20Bogart,%20Humphrey%20(All%20Through%20the%20Night)_NRFPT_04_small[1]The film is still very funny and well worth watching and I’m surprised I had never heard of it before. I only saw it because it came in a Humphrey Bogart collection that I picked up at Costco (Costco has lovely deals on all sorts of classic films and classic film collections).

Notes: Three of the cast members actually did have to flee Nazi Germany: Conrad Veidt, because his wife was Jewish, Peter Lorre was also Jewish, and the female lead, Kaaren Verne. Kaaren Verne and Peter Lorre actually fell in love during the making of the film and would marry later, though they divorced 5 years later.

All Through the Night is yet another movie that the actor George Raft turned down, thus opening the way for Humphrey Bogart. George Raft was also offered the parts of Sam Spade and Rick in The Maltese Falcon and Casablanca. I’ve heard it said that George Raft single-handedly made Humphrey Bogart’s career.

Bogart’s mother is played by Jane Darwell, who I always think of as the Bird Lady from Mary Poppins and it was fun to see her in another role with no birds on her head.


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9 responses to “All Through the Night (1941) and Propaganda in American Films during WWII

  1. crafty theatre

    June 10, 2014 at 5:54 pm

    I love situation comedies, especially madcap ones. Can you tell me who wrote it?


    • christinawehner

      June 10, 2014 at 9:15 pm

      It was an original screenplay by Leonard Spigelgass and Leo Rosten, which is kind of unusual since most screenplays seem to be based on books or short stories. It was written specifically to highlight the Nazi threat.

      It really is fun…madcap’s a good word for it.


      • crafty theatre

        June 10, 2014 at 10:36 pm

        Thanks for that. Apparently the Bette Davis, Errol Flynn movie, Elizabeth and Essex, had the same agenda. I have vague memories of a call to arms type speech at the end of it.


      • crafty theatre

        June 10, 2014 at 11:54 pm

        Thanks. I have a vague memory of the Bette Davis – Errol Flynn movie, Elizabeth and Essex serving the same purpose. A call to arms speech was woven in, in the end.


        • christinawehner

          June 11, 2014 at 2:56 pm

          You’re right, I forgot about that one! That definitely was an example of a movie with an added message, although I think the speech was in the movie The Sea Hawk, also with Errol Flynn, but with a different Elizabeth I, and was about the coming war between England and Spain.

          That was an interesting one because the script was nothing at all like the book it was uspposed to be based on by Rafael Sabatini. I think they kept only the title and the era. 🙂


          • crafty theatre

            June 11, 2014 at 3:04 pm

            Thank you for clearing my befuddled head! I love Errol Flynn and Sabatini. Scaramoyche is one of my all time favourite movies. Sean Munger recently blogged about
            Leslie Howard in relation to a plane crash and wrote about his roles in British films with a pro-allies, rally the troops agenda.
            Loving your blog!


            • christinawehner

              June 11, 2014 at 10:48 pm

              Thanks so much!

              I just looked up the article on Leslie Howard and that was fascinating. I didn’t realize that he was Jewish and so involved in Allied Propaganda. Thanks for sharing! He was a great actor, too – I loved him in movies like Pygmalion and The Scarlet Pimpernel.

              Scaramouch is wonderful – I always loved Eleanor Parker in that. There was apparently an adaptation of it made during the silent era, which I’ve been curious to see.


              • crafty theatre

                June 11, 2014 at 11:22 pm

                Eleanor Parker was gorgeous. I couldn’t imagine another actress in that role. The chemistry with Stewart Granger was a joy to watch.


  2. genemeier

    November 21, 2015 at 3:57 am

    I am writing the first spreadsheet from the American point of view about 19th century rotunda panoramas. These were the biggest paintings in the world, 50 x 400=20,000 square feet, housed in their own rotundas which were 16-sided polygons. Chicago in 1893 had 6 panorama companies and 6 panorama rotundas. William G. Wehner (1847-1928) of Chicago built his panorama studio in downtown Milwaukee. Between 1885 and 1888 he produced 2 units of BATTLE OF ATLANTA, 2 units of BATTLE OF MISSIONARY RIDGE & LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN, and 3 units of JERUSALEM ON THE DAY OF THE CRUCIFIXION. My great aunt, Mathilde Georgine Schley (1864-1941) was an artist-model in his studio. Are you related to William G. Wehner? Info to share.



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