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“The Miracle Woman”: The Film That Made Me a Fan

The Miracle Woman[1]I saw Barbara Stanwyck in movies before, some of her very best, no less: Remember the NightThe Lady Eve. But it was not until Frank Capra’s 1931 The Miracle Woman that I became a Barbara Stanwyck fan. There was something about that movie that sent me on a stampede to see all her films I could lay my hands on.

I’m still not entirely certain what it was about that particular film that so impressed me. Perhaps it was how sincerely and passionately she threw herself into the role. There’s nothing quite like a pre-code Barbara Stanwyck and in this film she ran through nearly every feeling in the book, displaying raw, naked emotion and passion that impressed me as being unlike anyone else I had seen.

The Miracle Woman is about Florance Fallon (Barbara Stanwyck), the daughter of a pastor who died penniless and brokenhearted after years of unrequited service to a church full of unhearing parishioners. After lashing out at them in anger, she is approached by the con artist, Hornsby (Sam Hardy), about working with him. She becomes Sister Fallon, preacher and healer, and he manages everything from behind the scenes, paying people to pretend to be healed.

But when John Carson (David Manners – in a far more interesting role than he had in The Mummy and Dracula) is stopped from committing suicide when he hears her voice over the radio, they soon meet and fall in love. With John believing in her completely, she begins to have second-thoughts about what she is doing and Hornsby begins getting jealous and threatens to expose her. Her rediscovery of faith is gradual. At first she wants to stop the fake healings and simply do her stuff honestly, forgetting that it was through dishonesty that she got such a large following in the first place (not to mention the money that Hornsby is embezzling). It takes her a while to come to the place where she is willing to give it all up to do what is right.

Like Capra’s later Meet John Doe (starring Barbara Stanwyck and Gary Cooper), Capra is exploring the idea of whether or not something is still true, even when that truth is used to exploit others. Florence may be intending to fleece people, but her words still touch them, namely John Carson. It changes his life. And he changes hers. Through all the abuse of faith by hypocrites and hucksters, truth still shines through.

Unlike Capra’s later film, however, The Miracle Woman is entirely Barbara Stanwyck’s film. She is at turns tough, vulnerable, tender, enraged, quiet, worldly, sincere, passionate, simmering, ashamed.

mirwo_stl_5_h[1]When we first meet Florence Fallon, she is at the pulpit, telling the parishioners that her father is dead. She starts out quietly, but soon builds to a crescendo. Like I said, no one can quite top pre-code Barbara Stanwyck for intensity. It’s the sort of intensity that seems borderline too much, except when it’s done sincerely. It almost became a running joke in Stanwyck’s early career that at some point in her movies she would start yelling at someone and tell them to get out. That is generally the sort of thing that gets toned down as actors become more polished and experienced, more measured in how they express emotion. But it was precisely that intensity that caught my attention – it can be thrilling to watch somebody give a performance their all, holding nothing back, similar to the thrill my dad describes in watching a football game where the players equally are striving to win with everything they have in them.

But she’s not running on all cylinders the entire movie. She can pull back and be still, talking with John, crying over her father. Then she’s back at it, exposing the truth in a burning building (and Capra really had her stand on a set that was burning). It’s her capacity to let it all out and then pull back that partly impressed me. And she was only 23 or 24 years old at the time, with most of her career still ahead of her.

This is my contribution to the “Remembering Barbara Stanwyck Blogathon,” hosted by In The Good Old Days of Classic Hollywood. For the rest of the entries, click here.

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Posted by on January 20, 2016 in Movies

 

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The Song of Bernadette (1943)

220px-Song_sheetWhen my grandmother (Nana) was in high school, every year there would be a day when the nuns would announce that classes were canceled and they would show The Song of Bernadette. Nana and I were talking about the movie, which I had never seen, and she was curious what she would think of it now. We watched it and were both deeply impressed. It’s not theologically deep, but the heart of the film, the themes that it speaks to, and the story it tell is very moving.

The movie begins in 1858 in Lourdes, France. The Soubirous family are poor and living in an old jail while the father (Roman Bohnen) is out of work and the mother is struggling to keep food on the table (Anne Revere). Their daughter, Bernadette (Jennifer Jones) is a frail child, with asthma and she struggles in school. But she has a vision of a lady in white who asks her to come to a certain spot every day for a certain number of days and to have a shrine built there.

When people start hearing of her visions, it creates a disturbance in the town. Her parents do not initially believe her but eventually support her, with her mother, aunt and sister even going with her to the grotto where she sees the lady. No one else can see the lady, but soon people in the town are coming, too, and having communion there. This disturbs both Father Peyramale (Charles Bickford), who says the Catholic Church does not endorse Bernadette’s visions, and the city authorities, because they feel it reflects badly on them and is disturbing the peace, however peacefully.

Jennifer Jones

Jennifer Jones

But when Father Peyramale asks Bernadette to ask the lady for a miracle, a different miracle than he asks seemingly occurs. The lady tells Bernadette to wash in the spring, though there is no spring; but after Bernadette digs in the ground and washes her hands and face in the dirt, a spring is found where she dug and soon healings are reported. One man’s blind eye is restored when he puts the water over his eye (the doctor thinks he just pressed on the eye so much it excited the nerves) and one woman, in desperation, washes her dying and crippled baby in the spring and he is cured.

Soon people are coming from all over France to bath in the spring. Sometimes people are healed and sometimes not. Prosecutor Vital Dutour (Vincent Price) first believes that Bernadette is a fraud and when she proves sincerely to believe her visions, tries to have her committed for insanity. However, Father Peyramale comes to her defense, having begun to believe her. He wants the church to have a formal investigation of her claims and the miracles. It takes years and as she grows up, he suggests that she has a call on her life and should become a nun.

The acting is impressive, with Vincent Price, Charles Bickford and Anne Revere as especial standouts. And Jennifer Jones, who was twenty-four, married and had two children, is remarkably convincing as a child, and also quite moving.

Vincent Price and Jennifer Jones

Vincent Price and Jennifer Jones

The film is based on the novel by Franz Werfel about the historical Bernadette, who was canonized as St. Bernadette in 1933. Some things have been changed from history – Dutour is made into an atheist when he was actually a devout Catholic who was skeptical of Bernadette’s claims. But what the film has done with his character is to make him part of a tableaux of responses from people  to Bernadette, and I assume that the writers wanted an atheist to round things out.

It is not clear to me exactly what the lady wants. It’s a little vague. She asks for a shrine to be built and apparently causes there to be a spring that can heal people. But she never mentions God or Jesus or has a message to give. Even Father Peyramale has trouble when Bernadette tells him that the lady said she was the Immaculate Conception (how can one be a conception?). But where the film shines is in portraying the the different reactions of people to Bernadette and her visions and what it reveals about them.

The miracles attract all sorts of people: the devout, the desperate, the superstitious, the curious and the opportunists. There are people in dreadful poverty who have no hope, desperately seeking healing. The mayor is at first opposed to it all, but as the people come to his city (presumably spending money there) he gets the idea that he could sell bottled water from the spring. Dutour is opposed on principle. To him, it is a reversion to medieval superstition. There is the poverty of most people juxtaposed with the desire of the city leaders to modernize. Reactions to Bernadette range everywhere from belief to jealousy; some think she’s mad, some think she’s a fraud and liar, a few people care about her – like her family and the man in love with her, played by William Eythe – and choose to support her because they love her, though they are not sure what to make of her visions.

Roman Bohnen and Anne Revere as Bernadette's parents

Roman Bohnen and Anne Revere as Bernadette’s parents

In that way, the responses of the characters mirrors the response of many people to Jesus in the gospels. There are the droves of people seeking healing from the springs, as in the gospels people sought healing from Jesus. There is the skepticism from the religious community who are also concerned she will bring discredit to the church, as well as the concern from the civil authority. There are the people who ask for miracles as proof. There is the doubting, but loving family. There is the jealous reaction to her fame. There is pressure brought to bear on Bernadette, at first from her family, then from the church authorities and also from the civil authorities. All these things happened to Jesus.

The film opens with the quotation: “For those who believe, no explanation is necessary; for those who do not believe, no explanation is possible.” 

Dutour cannot believe because he is not willing; it’s out of the question and does not fit with his understanding of the world. The doctor (Lee J. Cobb) knows some things are occurring that he cannot explain, but he is essentially agnostic on the subject. He doesn’t know what to think. Gladys Cooper plays a nun who is antagonistic to Bernadette. She cannot accept that Bernadette could have been granted this gift of seeing the lady when she has not suffered as Gladys Cooper’s character has suffered through life. It turns out that Bernadette has suffered – she dies of tuberculosis of the bones, a very painful disease, and never once complains of the pain. Suffering in life is another theme of the film.

imagesHowever, Bernadette does not see the lady just because she is worthy or has suffered. There is a direct parallel drawn between Bernadette and the Virgin Mary. Bernadette sees the lady because, like Mary when an angel tells her she shall have a child, she has a receptive heart. She is willing to see, hear and to obey what the lady asks.

The movie leaves room to question whether or not Bernadette truly sees the lady. No one else sees the lady. Many of the miracles could have a natural explanation. However, there’s really no doubt by the end that Bernadette’s visions and the miracles are for real.

The movie is 156 minutes, but it goes by quickly and I found the film absorbing. It’s not just an intelligent movie, it is a well-made movie that is entertaining and reverential and stayed with me long after I had finished watching it.

 
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Posted by on May 27, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

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The Miracle Woman (1931)

1931 – Starring Barbara Stanwyck, David Manners, Sam Hardy – Directed by Frank Capra

267px-The_Miracle_Woman_1931_Poster[1]

Barbara Stanwyck made five movies in total with Frank Capra, four of which came between 1930 and 1931, and are some of my favorite Frank Capra films. He was the man who really helped her make the transition from stage to movies by patiently working with her and showing her how to act for the camera. Afterwards, she would never be anything less than a star who always elevates the movie she is in, no matter what the movie.

My favorite of the four is the Miracle Woman, about religious hypocrisy, genuine faith and religious charlatans who take advantage of the faithful, but it’s also a sweet romance. At Pre-Code.com, he calls the film a “romance movie with an issue, not an issue movie with a romance.”

The Miracle Woman[1]

standing in a den of lions with David Manners – really, there are lions behind them – real ones

Barbara Stanwyck is Florence Fallon, the daughter of a preacher. At the beginning of the film her father has died after forty years in service to an unresponsive and hypocritical church that repaid him by firing him. After he dies, she is heartbroken and bitter gets up in front of the congregation to tell them exactly what she thinks of them; their hypocrisy, how shabbily they treated him, how she knows all the sins they commit in secret and how her father “preached to empty hearts.” When the deacons rise to leave and offer parting shots about how she is disgracing the house of God, she cries “What God! Your God?”

After the congregation flees her wrath (true, unbounded Stanwyck style wrath) the only person left is con artist Hornsby, who is impressed by her impassioned chewing out of the church and says that since the one thing she knows is religion and the Bible, she might as well use that for her own advantage.

And so she becomes Sister Fallon, healer and evangelist, drawing large crowds, managed by Hornsby who has hired people to pretend to be healed by her. She is even on the radio and John Carson (Manners) hears her. He is a former aviator, now blind, and a struggling composer on the point of suicide…until her hears her sermon on the radio and goes to one of her rallies. He manages to meet her; she prays for him and she promises him his sight again.

It’s a very sweet romance. John is shy, gentle. When she goes to his apartment, he doesn’t really know what to do or how to entertain guests and is awkwardly endearing. He completely believes in her and it touches her heart.

mirwo_stl_5_h[1]

with Hornsby

Hornsby is cynical and worldly and an excellent villain. When an employee wants more money and threatens to expose them, Hornsby murders him. And when he discovers that Florence is falling in love with John and having second thoughts about the fraud, he threatens to expose her as a fraud.

The film neatly demonstrates the difference between religious hypocrites using their faith to cloak their misdeeds, hucksters using faith to con others and those genuinely seeking faith, who often are taken in by the hucksters and abused by the hypocrites. And then there is Florence, who has grown cynical in her belief, but retains a vestige of conviction (which is demonstrated when she turns her father’s picture face down as if she cannot bear for him to see what she is doing).

It’s not a clear-cut movie, but allows for all shades of faith. Even the motivations of her audiences are not clear cut. There are those genuinely searching and those who are just along for the ride: the curious, the desperate, the believing, the spectacle seeking.

John never criticizes Florence; he doesn’t have to because she already knows she’s doing wrong. He acts as a kind of mirror. His belief is what prompts her ti rediscover her faith. There is an interesting moment, too, at the end when she has joined the Salvation Army. Hornsby sees her and just cannot understand it, cannot wrap his mind around her decision to do something that brings no money. He has such poverty of soul he can’t see she’s found her salvation.

miraclewoman_1931_ps_01_1200_053120120139[1]Notes: The Miracle Woman is the movie that started it all for me, at least in terms of becoming a Barbara Stanwyck fan. I had seen her in a few movies, Christmas in Connecticut (1945), Remember the Night (1940), and even The Lady Eve (1941), but somehow I had failed to fully appreciate her genius. Then I saw The Miracle Woman and I was struck by what an honest and passionate actress she was at such a young age (she was only twenty-three in 1931) and I wanted to see more. I next saw Double Indemnity (1944) and that, of course, sealed it and I re-watched movies like The Lady Eve and marveled that I had not fully appreciated how good she was. She made 85 movies (this does not count the numerous television appearances and two television shows she did) and I’m up to 45.

The Miracle Woman was also a revelation in regards to Frank Capra. I had seen his famous films, namely It’s A Wonderful Life (1946), but he amazed me at how natural and exciting his direction was as early as 1931. Early talky films can be…well, talky and slightly stagy, but Capra’s direction looked fresh and exciting. He was also far more taut and less overtly preachy than in some of his later films.

It’s very much a pre-code film. Pre-code films are those talking movies between 1929 and 1934, before the Hays Code was truly enforced (though it was partially enforced) and lots of things slip through, like the chauffeur who flips off his boss. Blink and you miss it…which I’m assuming is what happened to the censors.

One cool thing about pre-code films is how real their special effects were. If Capra wanted real lions, he got real lions. If he wanted a fire, he set a real fire and put the actors in the midst of it. At the end, when a building goes up in flames, he told Barbara Stanwyck to stay on the burning stage until he came to get her, which she did. He filmed the scene, then ran into the flames and carried her out. He later said he could feel her heart pounding.

A good article on the movie can be found at Pre-code.com. He has an analysis of the visuals of the film at the end of his article, which is particularly interesting. Also, TCM has their usual article about the film, with bits like how they used real lions or the real fire.

 
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Posted by on June 6, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

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